I would not be surprised if you guys were deeply impressed by the story of a Kyrgyz Queen – Kurmanjan Datka from the last post. Then good news for you: they recently released an amazing movie, which is based on that woman’s life. It is the real story of a history’s hero, which will take the breath away from the beginning till much more even after finishing!
Below is the official trailer to the movie and I hope you guys will enjoy watching just like as I did! I was not able to find an English version yet (unfortunately), but still hope to get it soon!
The person, about whom I will write today , has also become one of the most influencial individuals in the history of the Great Silk Road, Central Asia. Despite the fact that she was a woman, Kurmanjan Datka was incredibly powerful in political life of her time.
There is a special reason why they called her as a Queen of Mountains. She was the wife of the main leader among nomadic Kyrgyz nation. Unfortunately, very soon she was left alone – her husband, Alymbek Datka was murdered by the enemies. It was a huge grief not only to her, but also the whole nation.
However, she was smart and strong enough to find courage to comfort the rest of people and took all the problems of the land to herself. She dedicated the rest of her life for uniting her nation and building a strong and stable country together. It would be truth, that Kyrgyzstan’s freedom and status is also the result of her efforts!
How much of a sympathy, love and care does the person need for others to get such a nickname as “Worry” or “Sadness”? There on Earth lived so many people, who spent their lives for others, totally forgetting about their own problems.
In Kazakhstan, there also was such individual, whom they called as Asan Kaygi. Asan is his name and Kaygi is, as you figured, his nick, which means “sadness, sorrow and worry” in Kazakh language. He was a great singer, philosopher of Kazakh kaganate in 15th century.
They took his philosophy as the main ideology of the country and even Khan himself could do nothing but agree with what he said about ruling the country. Asan Kaygi demanded that the Khan should take care of his nation without opression and unite all other kazakhs around the world…
There are such people in the world, who have neither gotten the diploma of neither Bachelor’s nor Master’s Degree, but simply have the God given talent and wisdom. Kyrgyzstan is also the proud country of such people and today I will introduce you to one of them.
Tolubay Synchy is that very unique person, who lived in 14-15th centuries. He was famous for his strong character, which was filled with determination, strength and bravery. He always fought for justice and could not stand lies. On this way he was not even afraid of the King himself!
Another wonderful quality of him is that Tolubay was really good at knowledge about horses. He could take any horse and according to its abilities, would take him to the highest level possible.
I would like to take a flashback to our previous posts, because among them you guys were introduced to one of the most ancient heritaage of Kyrgyzstan – Burana Tower. There we informed that the tower is situated in the city of Tokmok, which in turn used to be the great cultural center of early Kaganates.
As an example of the huge role of Tokmok city in the Karakhanid Kaganate, we can proudly talk about Zhusup Balasaguni – a great philosopher, writer and poet. He is the author of one of the greatest masterpieces in history – the work “Kutadgu Bilig” (Useful Knowledge or the book about governing the country).
He presented the book to the king of that time and the king, startled by his job, gave hime the title of Khas Khajib, the level equal to the advisor of the king.
Educational tours can be perfect if only they are organized in the right place, correct time and company. This is a huge responsibility to be able to organize all of this and it depends both on the tour agents and the tourists themselves.
The web site I ran into today looks like one of those good organizers for such tours. It offers variety of tours mainly on the Great Silk Road. The countries the route pass by include Kyrgyzstan, Tadjikistan, Uzbekistan and so on.
Following is their official web site. Go ahead and take a look for it may become your next agent for Silkway Educational Tours:
Today I would like to introduce you to one of the key words in tourism. “CBT” – I wonder if you have heard about this before or know what meaning it carries in itself.
CBT is read as “Community based tourism” and this already is telling what the tourism of this kind is all about. Here, the tour agencies and tour guides rely on the community itself in organizing trips with tourists.
CBT mostly includes horseback riding, folklore shows or national cuisine in itself. the reason is, above said experiences can only be felt for real with the local people, who are really good at those spheres.
They grew up in those surroundings and literally Lived with them. So, there can be no one else who can demonstrate the national cuisine, folklore or horseback riding better.
Uzgen city, that we visited recently is located in the Osh province of the country. There is another city, which is called Osh in the same province. That city is said to be even more ancient than Uzgen, with about three thousand years of history!
The fact may surprise so many people, since such an ancient city is supposed to be really famous all over the world, but it is not… However, the ancient Chinese history and the scirptures that belong to it have the mentions of such city and the nomads, named Kyrgyz people.
Osh is called the second capital of Kyrgyzstan in the south according to its population and the territory. The biggest number of citizens are Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in the city. There are some disputes, which say that before Soviet Union, the city actually belonged to Uzbeks and because the territory of Kyrgyzstan was too small to turn it into a republic, the city of Osh was gifted to Kyrgyz people.
The city is getting modernized year by year, but there are still some parts of that ancienty saved in its streets, buildings and bazaars…
Today I would like you to recall the great Karakhanid empire of Central Asia, because our topic now will be another capital of that Kaganate in the south of Kyrgyzstan. It is the city of Uzgen, one of the small but rich with history and historical heritage towns in Osh province.
Uzgen existed for many centuries and the fact that it was mentioned in Chinese scripts in the 1st century BC can prove the information. The city itself is very small with the population of 50000 people. The streets are very ancient and the one storied houses also show the modesty of the population. However, even from far away you can see the special minaret of Uzgen, with the height of 44 meters. It used to be the place from where they called for prayers and now it just stands there silently…
There are three more mausoleums from Karakhanid empire in the city. It is amazing how perfect their condition is despite so many centuries passed by since their construction! The ornaments and decor of those buildings just leave the person in awe…
A person, who is interested in history must have heard at least once or twice about the nation called “Usun”. Usuns were one of the strongest nomadic nations, who lived long ago, even before our century.
In history they are known as fierce, brave and even dangerous ones, which made their neighbors shiver in fear from their shadows. It is said that even the great Chinese dynasties were also always aware of them and did their best to have peace between. This was the reason why they strengthened relationships by giving their daughters, especially princesses, to the Usun Kings. There are some interesting stories about them as well.
Their capital was sitauted by Issyk Kul lake, when it was much smaller in size. Unfortunately, as the years passed by, the water level went up and the city of Chigu Chen went underwater. Just recently the city was discovered by the explorers and there were pretty big amount of things were found, which can proove the existence of such city.